Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)

The Central Board of Secondary Education is the primary board of education and for school level education in India. This board of education conducts the All India Senior School Certificate Examination every year for students who complete their twelfth grade, and this examination serves as the basis for them to pursue their higher education, once out of
school. CBSE Board helps in defining appropriate approaches of academic activities to give a stress free, child-centred and holistic education to all children without compromising on quality. The Central Board of Secondary Education is also responsible for conducting the AIEEE examination, which serves as an entrance exam for admission to the various undergraduate engineering courses.For the effective functioning, Regional Offices have been established by the Board in different parts of the country to be more responsive to the affiliated schools. The Board has regional offices in Allahabad, Ajmer, Bhubaneshwar, Chennai, Dehradun, Delhi, Guwahati, Panchkula, Patna and Trivanthapurm. Schools located outside India are looked after by regional office Delhi. For detailed jurisdiction of regional offices of CBSE click here. The headquarter constantly keeps a check on the activities of the Regional Offices. Although, sufficient powers have been vested with the Regional Offices, issues involving policy matters are, however, referred to the head office. Matters pertaining to day-to-day administration, liaison with schools, pre and post examination arrangements are all dealt with by the respective regional offices.


  • Opting for a CBSE school has its own share of pros, and the advantage is that all major competitive examinations in India are based on the CBSE syllabus.
  • These examinations include the Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE), the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) and the All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT).
  • The CBSE syllabus is easier when compared to different boards, mainly due to fewer subjects and a more compact structure.
  • Secondary subjects like Environmental Education are not compulsory under the CBSE syllabus. The subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology fall under the general umbrella of Science, and History, Geography and Civics fall under the spectrum of Social Sciences.
  • A certificate from the Central Board of Education is recognized throughout the country, in all colleges and academic centres. The syllabus is more application based under CBSE, as the board follows a concentric curriculum.
  • Recognised by all Colleges in India
  • It follows a centralized system for transferring across all CBSE schools.
  • The Board has the scope for allowing the students to take up many different competitive examinations – for the better growth and development of the students, as well as welfare of the respective school prospects.
  • CBSE exams are very conducive for the students. There are efforts are taken to assure that the students actually learn from the entire process. They aren’t required to stress themselves to pass the exams but rather the exams are designed in such a way that they actually test how much the students have actually learnt.
  • Exams of CBSE will be easy for you if you have actually learnt the subjects rather than crammed them up. The results are favorable and very less students actually fail in CBSE exams.


  • Not much focus is laid on inculcating practical knowledge in students. The CBSE syllabus also does not lay as much emphasis on core English knowledge as its counterpart does, choosing to lay more importance on the disciplines of mathematics and science.
  • The subjects in a CBSE syllabus are approached in a theoretical manner, and true emphasis is not laid on real-life concepts behind the science. Although the syllabus is application oriented, it does not provide room for effective understanding.
  • The grading system followed by the board here, makes it difficult for a student who scores 90 plus marks and student attaining just 90; they would be graded with an ‘A’. Therefore there is no kind of differentiation between both the students attaining the different set of marks.
  • Due to the grading system being a flaw at a point like the above mentioned point, there is a probability that a large number of students may achieve a high cumulative record when it comes to their academics. This, thereby creates the issue about how can they ‘rank’ the students.



Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE)

The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education was first established by the Local Examinations Syndicate of the University of Cambridge. The syllabus followed by ICSE schools differs vastly from that followed in CBSE schools mainly in terms of content and volume. The board conducts an ICSE examination towards the end of tenth grade and an Indian School Certificate (ISC) examination towards the end of twelfth grade.


  • The syllabus followed by the ICSE board is more comprehensive and complete, encompassing all fields with equal importance.
  • The students get the opportunity to be a part of the most prestigious institution/schools of the country.
  • In terms of the calculation of the percentage or aggregate, especially for a board examinee, he or she gets to calculate it from the best of five subjects, which then boosts up the student’s performance and also motivates the child to strive for better in the next attempts.
  • Certification under the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education board will be recognized around the world, particularly by foreign schools and universities when compared to the central board’s local margin.
  • Students who are interested in careers in the lines of management and humanities will find the curriculum followed under ICSE to be more interesting and challenging, not to mention fruitful.
  • Certification under the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education board will be recognized around the world, particularly by foreign schools and universities than compared to the central board’s local margin.
  • There is an importance or preference shown upon English in ICSE, students from this board may hold a slight edge over other students in exams like TOEFL.


  • Students may find the syllabus to be too extensive for their liking, as an average student practicing under an ICSE board will face thirteen subjects/examinations during the sixth grade, when compared to the six subjects faced by the student’s counterpart in a CBSE affiliated school.
  • Although an ICSE syllabus can facilitate deeper understanding and better life skills and analytical skills, pursuing further education may prove to be a problem due to a lack of leniency in evaluating papers after an ISC examination.



International Baccalaureate (IB)

International Baccalaureate (IB) was established in Switzerland in 1968 for students in international schools, IB is now offered in 3,460 schools across 143 countries — with 1,370 public and private schools (and counting) in the U.S. this board of education has gained prospect for setting peak standards and throw light in terms of creative and critical thinking. IB students are responsible for their own learning, choosing topics and devising their own projects. The teachers under the IB schools seem to be more as supervisors or mentors than sources of facts. IB emphasizes research and encourages students to learn from their peers, with students actively critiquing one another’s work. Beyond preparing students for critical thinking and college-level work, the full IB program calls for students to express themselves through writing, requires community service, and aims “to develop inquiring, knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect.”


Primary Year Programme: The PYP prepares students to become active, caring, lifelong learners who demonstrate respect for themselves and others and have the capacity to participate in the world around them. It focuses on the development of the whole child. This program is prepared for KG to class 5 for students.

Middle Years Progamme: the course or curriculum is offered to students who are 11 to 16 years of age. This is a challenging framework which motivates students to make practical connections between their studies and the real world. The MYP is inclusive by design; students of all interests and academic abilities can benefit from their participation.

Diploma Programme: Research suggests many benefits to choosing the DP. The programme aims to develop students who have excellent breadth and depth of knowledge – students who flourish physically, intellectually, emotionally and ethically. This curriculum is offered to students who are aged between 16 to 19 years.

Career Related Programme: The CP is a framework of international education addressing the needs of students engaged in career-related education. It leads to further/higher education apprenticeships or employment. CP students undertake a minimum of two IB Diploma Programme(DP) courses, a core consisting of four components and a career-related study. For CP students, DP courses provide the theoretical underpinning and academic rigour of the programme; the career-related study further supports the programme’s academic strength and provides practical, real-world approaches to learning; and the CP core helps them to develop skills and competencies required for lifelong learning.


  • Be encouraged to think independently and drive their own learning
  • Take part in programmes of education that can lead them to some of the highest ranking universities around the world.
  • Become more culturally aware, through the development of a second language
  • Be able to engage with people in an increasingly globalized, rapidly changing world.


  • The fee structure for the curriculum like IB, it becomes a expensive matter of concern.
  • The schools are mostly available to metropolitan cities and this thereby becomes in itself as a luxury in its existence.


IGCSE is International General Certificate of Secondary Education. It is world most popular international certification for end of secondary school which is also known as O-Level or fifth form or year 11 in respective countries and schools), before one proceeds to Advanced Level (A-Level or sixth form or year 12&13) or pre-university studies. IGCSE was developed by Cambridge International Examinations (previously known as University of Cambridge International Examinations), in short CIE, in 1988. University of Cambridge has been the UK local examination board since 1858. The term “IGCSE” is a registered trademark of University of Cambridge. Generally, when one mentions IGCSE, it is understood as the Cambridge IGCSE from the CIE board. The IGCSE curricula is often considered more similar to O-Level rather than the UK national curriculums GCSE. Thus, the basis of the examination is also considered more challenging and rigorous. This curriculum is offered by private institutions and also independent schools in over 120 countries.

The students who engage in homeschooling and also there are few adult students who follows the pattern of IGCSE board study. Though IGCSE is being taken by students typically in the age group 14-16 (or 15-17 depending on primary 1 entry age), it also allows students from alternative education and adult students to sit for the exam and continue personal education advancement.


We help schools to build a Cambridge Advanced curriculum that brings success for learners. The syllabuses prepare learners for university study, which is why universities worldwide value and recognize Cambridge International AS & A Level qualifications.

Cambridge International AS & A Level develops learners’ knowledge, understanding and skills in:

  • In-depth subject content
  • Independent thinking
  • Applying knowledge and understanding to new as well as familiar situations
  • Handling and evaluating different types of information source
  • Thinking logically and presenting ordered and coherent arguments
  • Making judgments, recommendations and decisions
  • Presenting reasoned explanations, understanding implications and communicating them logically and clearly
  • Working and communicating in English.

It provides a choice of 55 subjects and schools can offer them in almost any combination. This flexibility means schools can build an individualized curriculum, and learners can choose to specialize in a particular subject area or study a range of subjects.


  • Candidates/students can apply in the colleges/institutions abroad.
  • Such a kind of a board is very suitable for parents who are planning to move abroad and continue studies further there itself.

Cambridge O level:

The Cambridge O Level curriculum focuses on broad and it is the balanced study across a wide range of subjects. It inculcates learners’ skills in creative thinking, enquiry and problem solving and is systematic so they develop practical skills and theoretical knowledge.

Cambridge O Levels develop learner knowledge, comprehension and skills in:

  • Subject content
  • Applying knowledge and understanding to familiar and new situations
  • Intellectual enquiry
  • Flexibility and responsiveness to change
  • Working and communicating in English
  • Influencing outcomes
  • Cultural awareness.




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